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Home :: Tourist Attractions :: Golden Temple

Golden Temple

Location Amritsar in Punjab
Significance Significance: The Holiest Places of Worship for the Sikh Religion
Architecture Combination of Hindu and Muslim Architecture The Idea Conceived by: Guru Arjan Sahib, the Vth Sikh Guru

Golden Temple, AmritsarThe Golden Temple, also known as Hari Mandir is the most sacred symbol of the spiritual and historical traditions of the Sikhs. The tanks (sarovar, amidst which the Golden Temple stands) and the temple have been a source of inspiration to the Sikh community ever since its existence.

The Golden Temple was the first important holy shrine of the Sikh religion. It is the center of inspiration and action and the most significant achievement of the Gurus, the chief place of pilgrimage for the Sikhs.

Situated at Amritsar in Punjab, Golden Temple is the exemplification of the might and eminence of the Sikh people all over the world. In the evolution of the Darbar Sahib, is entwined the history and ideology of Sikhism. The architecture of the temple includes symbols associated with other places of worship. This is a representation of the spirit of acceptance that the Sikh philosophy imparts.

North India Manali Hill Station
Originally called Harmandir Sahib or Darbar Sahib, the temple was later known as the Golden Temple by the Britishers, for the golden plate, which covers the temple from the top.


History
5th Guru of the SikhsThe Vth guru of the Sikhs - Guru Arjan Sahib visualized the idea of creating a central place of worship for the Sikhs and he himself designed the architecture of the Golden Temple.

Before establishing the temple the excavation of the holy tank was chalked out by Guru Amardas Sahib, the 3rd guru, but Guru Ramdas Sahib accomplished it under the supervision of Baba Budha ji. The land for the site was acquired on payment or free of cost from the Zamindars (landlords) of native villages by the earlier Guru Sahibs. The plan to establish a township was also made. Thereafter, the construction work on the tank and the township started together in 1570. In 1577 Ad, the work was complete.


Architecture
The architecture of the Golden Temple is considered it to be a synthesis of Hindu and Muslim influences, along with elaborations that rendered a distinct appearance that is one of its own.

On the 67sqft platform in the centre of the Sarova r (tank) stands the Golden Temple. The temple itself sprawls to 40.5sqft.of the total platform area. The temple has a door each on the East, West, North and South. An arch known as the Darshani Deori stands at the shore end of the causeway. The doorframe of the arch is about 10ft in height and 8ft 6 inches in breath. The door panes are elaborately decorated with artistic themes. Darshani Deori opens on to the bridge that takes the devotees to the main building of Sri Harmandir Sahib. The bridge is 202ft in length and 21ft in width.

The entire structure is one of its kind and is the first in line of the independent Sikh school of architecture in the history of art in India.



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