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Home :: Taj Mahal :: Taj Mahal Facts

Taj Mahal Facts

Popular As The Eigth Wonder of the World.
Built By Vth Mughal Emperor Shahjahan.
Built For Empress Mumtaz Mahal (Shahjahan's Second Wife)
Best Time Taj is most beautiful during the full moon night.



Taj - The Signature of Love
Taj Mahal, AgraTaj Mahal is beyond any description. Speechless beauty in white - The Taj Mahal beckons every lover of beauty and artistry ever since its existence. Standing on the banks of the River Yamuna, the Taj is a memorial built by Shahjahan in the memory of Mumtaz Mahal, his second and most beloved wife.

The "Speechless White Beauty", Taj is the most favourite and most visited monument in India by any visitor to India. This travel icon of India is also the most photographed edifice, and the most precious jewel studded to the enigmatic land of India.

Shimmering like a precious gem on the exquisite landscape of India, the Taj Mahal is that beauty, without seeing which, a trip to India remains incomplete. Scooped out of White Makrana (marble), Taj Mahal bears various hues at the different time of the day, which is said to personify the various moods of a woman.

During its construction, Taj was bejeweled with various precious and semi precious stones, most of which no more exists. Even then, Taj Mahal is the most beautiful and most appealing monument in the world, for being the most priced and largest mausoleum built by a man for his undying love on earth.


The Taj Architecture
White Marble (Makrana Marble from Rajasthan) was the main building material to build this only edifice of exceptional craftsmanship. About 28 kind of rare, semi precious and precious stones were used for inlay work in the Taj Mahal, which adds more elegance to the brilliance of Taj. With extensive uses of precious stones on its white delicate body, the Taj becomes the most wonderful and peerless monument built in the world.

Architect Ustad Ahmad Lahauri
The Chief Building Material White marble brought from the quarries of Makrana, in district Nagaur of Rajasthan.
Sandstone Brought from Fatehpur Sikri
Diamonds from Panna
Coal & Comelian from Arabia
Jasper from Punjab
Jade & Crystal from China
Turquoise from Tibet
Lapis Lazuli & Sapphire from Sri Lanka
Calligrapher Amanat Khan Shirazi
Verses on the Tomb was Designed by Poet Ghiyasuddin

Dome Maker - Ismail Khan Afridi of Turkey


Superintendent of Masons - Muhammad Hanif


Dome Height: 187ft at the centre
Taj Mahal Standing on a plinth, surrounded by graceful gardens in Persian Charbagh (four-garden) style, Taj exudes charm like no other. The entire area of the Taj complex is 580-m (1,902-ft) by300 m (984 ft), while the garden alone spans to an area of 300-m (984 ft) by 300 m (984 ft).

The garden around the Taj has canals and well-laid waterworks. The dramatic watercourse neatly divides the garden (dotted with fruit bearing trees) into four equal parts and epitomises the spotless beauty of the entire complex.


Where is this Peerless Beauty?
Agra prides in housing this most precious monument of love, built by any man on this earth. Agra was the most developed city of India during the Mughal period, and even today it continues to be one of the most fast growing cities in Uttar Pradesh India with plentitude of industrial sectors. It is Taj, because of which Agra is known as the City of Taj.


Attractions Near Taj Agra Fort (nearest), Itmad ud Daulah's Tomb, Sikandara, Fatehpur Sikri, Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary.
Entry Fee 750Rs (foreigners), 20Rs, (nationals).
Open 6 am to 7:30 pm. Closed on Fridays
Festival Taj Mahotsav (February 18th to 27th)
Excursions Mathura (58kms), Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary (60kms), Delhi (204kms).



How to Reach Taj Mahal

Taj Mahal Agra, the city housing the Taj is well connected to rest of India by all the means of transport - air, rail & road.
Air - Indian Airlines (Domestic Airline in India) runs daily flights from Delhi to Agra. Kheria Airport (Airport of Agra) is about 6 km from the Agra City centre and is easily accessible by taxis and auto-rickshaws at nominal rates.

Rail - Agra has three Railway Stations: Agra Cantt Rly Station, Raja-ki-Mundi Rly Station, and Agra Fort Rly Station, which are connected to several parts of the country. There are several excellent train services to Delhi such as The Shatabdi Express (2 hrs), Taj Express (2.5 hrs), Intercity Express (3 hrs).

Road - Express bus services, both AC and non-AC are available from Delhi, Jaipur, Lucknow, Gwalior, and Jhansi.


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