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Home :: Pilgrimage :: Amritsar


In the state of Punjab, situated to the north west part of India. Amritsar shares an international boundary with Pakistan.
Amritsa Golden temple, On the Roof
Amritsar -The Holy Pool of Nectar
"All places I have seen........none can compare to thee" - Guru Arjan Dev Ji

Amritsar, meaning the "holy pool of nectar", is an ancient city of India, located in the north Indian state of Punjab. An important seat of Sikh spirituality and culture, Amritsar prides in housing the Harmandir Sahib, also known as the Golden Temple. This spiritual and cultural centre of Sikh religion, Amritsar is the hub of many commercial activities in the state of Punjab. The holy city of Sikhs , Amritsar, was founded by the fourth Guru of Sikhs, Guru Ramdas, with the digging of the pool and establishment of the most famous the Golden Temple or Harmandir Sahib. The foundation was completed by his successor Guru Arjan Dev.

Amritsar is the only city of India, which has a road connection to the Neighbbouring State of Pakistan. Amritsar is the only city of India which has an open route connected with Pakistan by road and by rail.
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Fact File

Languages Punjabi, Hindi, English
Crops Wheat, Rice, Cotton, Sugarcane
Major Attraction Golden Temple
Airport Raja Sansi, International Airport
Significance A spiritual and cultural centre of the Sikh Religion.

Places of Interests
Golden Temple, AmritsarGolden Temple - Surrounded by a pool, the Golden Temple, also known as the Harmandir Saheb is the holiest seat of religious significance for the Sikhs. The 4th Sikh Guru Ramdas on digging the holy pool founded the temple in 1573. In 1601, the 5th Sikh Guru Arjan Dev established a temple called 'Haramandir'. In 1601 Harmandir Sahib was completed and it was after 3years that the Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikh Holy Book was placed there. Muslim Saint Hazrat Mian Mir at the invitation of Guru Arjan Dev purified the water of the sarovar (the pool). From then the name of the sarovar becomes Amritsar (that is pool of nectars - sarovar means pool and amrit means nectar). In the year 1830, Maharaja Ranjit Singh established the recent Golden Temple where 'Haramandir' was situated. Ranjit Singh covered the cone of the temple by 400 kilogram of gold. The silver door also has golden coverings along with immaculate craft done on it. Flowers, animals made of gold, silver and ivory decorate the inner walls of the temple. The architecture of Golden Temples is a clearly reveals the amalgam of Hindu - Islamic architecture and culture.

Jalianwala Bagh - Jalianwala Bagh is a memorial dedicated to the Indian freedom fighters. Massive high walls surround the whole area, which has got a narrow way out. The place is reminds us of the massacre of thousands of unarmed and innocent Indians, who assembled here on the 13th April 1919 to protest here against the Rawlatt Act. They were killed in the sudden firing under the leadership of British General Dyer. Two thousands people died in the incident. The walls of Jalianwala Bagh still bear the wounds of bullets.
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Things to Do
The Industries in the City - There are a numerous cotton, woollen and art silk textile factories besides other industries indulged in electric goods, sewing machines, auto parts, carpets. The milk processing plant at Verka about 6 km from the city center is the second biggest project of its kind in the country. Amritsar is India's leading exporter of goods to the Middle East, leading distribution centre of dry fruits, tea and condiments. Amritsar is also a shopper's paradise and a gourmet's delight.

Wagha BorderWagha Border - This is the international border between India and Pakistan, and also the only road connection between India and Pakistan. The pomp and pageantry of the Beating Retreat and the Change of Guard within handshaking distance of the Indian and Pakistani forces makes for a most charming moment.

Air - One can reach at Amritsar Airport of Punjab, through Indian Airline - alliance Air.

Rail - From Delhi one can easily reach Amritsar. There is regular train service available from Delhi Railway Station. From Kolkata's - (Howrah Railway Station or Sealdah Railway Station) one can reach directly to the Golden City of Amritsar. There is frequency train service available from the above said two Railway Station. From Mumbai (Bombay) - Central Railway Station one can reach the Golden City of Amritsar easily. Lahore is three hours journey from Amritsar by rail.

Road - From Delhi can get busses of Delhi State Transport Corporation Amritsar. There are so many Private Buses starting from many parts of the Delhi.

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