Places of Interests
Surrounded by a pool, the Golden Temple, also known as the
Harmandir Saheb is the holiest seat of religious significance for the
Sikhs. The 4th Sikh Guru Ramdas on digging the holy pool founded the
temple in 1573. In 1601, the 5th Sikh Guru Arjan Dev established a
temple called 'Haramandir'. In 1601 Harmandir Sahib was completed and it
was after 3years that the Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikh Holy Book was
placed there. Muslim Saint Hazrat Mian Mir at the invitation of Guru
Arjan Dev purified the water of the sarovar (the pool). From then the
name of the sarovar becomes Amritsar (that is pool of nectars - sarovar
means pool and amrit means nectar). In the year 1830, Maharaja Ranjit
Singh established the recent Golden Temple where 'Haramandir' was
situated. Ranjit Singh covered the cone of the temple by 400 kilogram of
gold. The silver door also has golden coverings along with immaculate
craft done on it. Flowers, animals made of gold, silver and ivory
decorate the inner walls of the temple. The architecture of Golden
Temples is a clearly reveals the amalgam of Hindu - Islamic architecture
Jalianwala Bagh -
Jalianwala Bagh is a memorial
dedicated to the Indian freedom fighters. Massive high walls surround
the whole area, which has got a narrow way out. The place is reminds us
of the massacre of thousands of unarmed and innocent Indians, who
assembled here on the 13th April 1919 to protest here against the
Rawlatt Act. They were killed in the sudden firing under the leadership
of British General Dyer. Two thousands people died in the incident. The
walls of Jalianwala Bagh still bear the wounds of bullets.
Things to Do
The Industries in the City -
There are a numerous
cotton, woollen and art silk textile factories besides other industries
indulged in electric goods, sewing machines, auto parts, carpets. The
milk processing plant at Verka about 6 km from the city center is the
second biggest project of its kind in the country. Amritsar is India's
leading exporter of goods to the Middle East, leading distribution
centre of dry fruits, tea and condiments. Amritsar is also a shopper's
paradise and a gourmet's delight.
This is the international border between India and
Pakistan, and also the only road connection between India and Pakistan.
The pomp and pageantry of the Beating Retreat and the Change of Guard
within handshaking distance of the Indian and Pakistani forces makes for
a most charming moment.
One can reach at Amritsar Airport of Punjab,
through Indian Airline - alliance Air.
From Delhi one can easily reach Amritsar.
There is regular train service available from Delhi Railway Station.
From Kolkata's - (Howrah Railway Station or Sealdah Railway Station) one
can reach directly to the Golden City of Amritsar. There is frequency
train service available from the above said two Railway Station. From
Mumbai (Bombay) - Central Railway Station one can reach the Golden City
of Amritsar easily. Lahore is three hours journey from Amritsar by rail.
From Delhi can get busses of Delhi State
Transport Corporation Amritsar. There are so many Private Buses starting
from many parts of the Delhi.