The sovereign of Amber, built Jaipur in the eighteenth century. It was also in the region of that time that the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb had die and the decline of the Mughal Empire had set in. Jai Singh had ongoing unfriendliness himself from the affair of the Mughal Court and he began focused on building of Amber. His investigate for a safe place for the swelling population of Amber resulted in Jaipur, This was India's first planned city and a dazzling architect Vidyadhar Bhattacharya from Bengal was made to order to plan the city. He designed it in accord with prehistoric Hindu treatise on architecture, the Shilpa Shastra (Vaastu).
Jaipur was intended in a restrain classification with wide straight avenues, roads, streets and lanes and unvarying rows of shops on either side of the main roads, all prearranged in nine rectangular city sectors (chokdis). The city is bordered by a wall having seven gates and was built for protection from invading armies and wild animals that lurked just outside in the jungles that surrounded the city. But Jai Singh's planned city has withstood all the pressures and the changes.
ROMANCE OF PINK - Jaipur needed a fresh coat of smother to salutation its eminent guest the Prince of Wales in 1905-6. The contractor powerlessness to supply any other color in the required extent obligated the choice of pink shade for its walls. A contractor’s compulsion famed Jaipur to Pink City. Since then the PINK color is associated with generosity in Rajput culture.
Jaipur has a timeless petition in their colorful bazaars that delight for its Rajasthani handlooms and jewels. Beautifully laid out gardens and parks, attractive monuments and marvelous heritage hotels, once the residence of Maharajas, are significance admiration, not to cite the ambling camels and cheerful people in multi hued costume that make Jaipur a tourist's paradise
Places of Interest in Jaipur
Amber Fort, Jaipur
Is one of the most splendid destinations in Jaipur positioned on the hills just outside Jaipur. It was commence by Raja Man Singh in 1600 AD and then completed by Sawai Jai Singh in the eighteenth century. The fort is an illustration of enthralling blend of Hindu and Muslim architecture built in red sandstone and white marble. The emphasize of the fort is the Sheesh Mahal (Mirror Palace), a palace known for its craftsmanship in mirrors. It also locates in itself huge ramparts, terraces and pavilions. Precincts like Dilaram Garden & Mohan Bari, which draw a leaf from the gardens that Mughals laid, are also sights to behold. An elegant temple of Shila Mata is located inside the palace complex. The image of the Mother Goddess worshipped with admiration by thousands of devotees every day was bring from Jessore in Lower Bengal (Now in Bangladesh) by Raja Man Singh and install here.
City Palace, Jaipur
Is the citadel of the Kachchawah Rajput rulers of Jaipur. It occupies one seventh of the walled city of Jaipur and is amazing combine of Rajput and Mughal architecture. Largely Sawai Jai Singh had constructed the walls of the Palace. Constructions and additions to the palace continual till twentieth century. The museum houses a wide-ranging collection of rare manuscripts, Mughal and Rajasthani miniatures, Mughal carpets, costumes and textiles, arms and weapons, objects of art and royal paraphernalia. The pair of giant silver Gangajalis displayed in the open Sarvatobhadra, building were fabricated in the court workshops for Sawai Madho Singh ji to bear holy water of Ganges to England. These are mentioned in the Guinness Book of World Records as the major silver objects in the world.
Jantar Mantar Jaipur
Jantar Mantar, one of the five observatories (the others being in Delhi, Ujjain, Varanasi and Mathura ), build in 1718 by Sawai Jai Singh an avid astronomer, to revision the arrangements of stars. This one is the largest and the most excellent preserved observatory. It has an anthology of complex astronomical instruments chiseled out of stone, most of which persist to provide fairly accurate information to this day. Constructed with stone and marble, its complex instruments whose settings and shapes are accurately and scientifically intended represent the high -points of Medieval Indian astronomy. The observatory contains a large number of structures called 'yantras' to determine position of stars and the stellar movements. The two Ram yantras used for gauging altitudes are unique.
Ganga Golden Jubilee Museum, Bikaner
The museum offers a collection of royal costumes, weapons, ornaments, ancient statues and exquisite paintings, one of which depicts the signing of the Versatile Treaty by Ganga Singh. In addition to this, it also has collection of terracotta from the Gupta period.
Excursions near Jaipur
The beautiful Samode Palace, has been rebuilt and renovated and provides a fine example of the Rajput haveli architecture and is an ideal spot for outings. The highlight of the building is the exquisite Diwan-i-Khas, which is covered with original paintings and mirrorwork.
An important historical place with the excavated remains of a circular Buddhist temple - unique in Rajasthani and the earliest known temple in India. Bairath also has relics of the Mauryan, Mughal and Rajput periods. A mint constructed by Akbar, a beautiful Mughal garden and a remarkable monument with painted chhatris and wall built by Jahangir are other attractions.
The cenotaphs of the royal family are at Gaitor, just outside the city walls. The cenotaph of Maharaja Jai Singh II is particularly impressive. The cenotaphs of the maharanis of Jaipur are on Ambr road, midway between Jaipur and Amber. Nearby is the Jal Mahal (water Palace), in the middle of the lake and reached by a causeway.
The temple of the sun god at Galta is 100m above Jaipur to the east, a 2.5km climb from Surajpol. A deep, temple-studded gorge stands behind the temple and there are good views over the surrounding plains.
Ramgarh Lake :-
A huge artificial lake created by constructing a high bund amidst tree covered hills. While the temple of Jamwa Mata and the ruins of the old fort are some of its antiquities, its beautiful landscape, especially during in oils pools, makes it an idyllic picnic spot.
This small town is entered through the ruins of two ' Tripolias ' or ' Triple-gateways '. The town has a ruined palace and a group of Jain temples with fine carvings. Entry to the temples is restricted. The town is an important centre for craft, industry and produces some of the finest hand printed textiles from units of block and screen printers. This textile is popular all over the country and abroad. It is noted for its hand printed handloom industry using simple techniques.
Nestled in a narrow valley, this beautiful garden was built in honour of jai Singh's chief architect and town planner.
Famous Festival :
Elephant Festival, the festival of colours is held on the day of holi.
Don't Miss :
Cultural events, puppet shows and traditional dances at Ravindra Manch, Jawahar Lal Nehru Building and Choki Dhani Village resort.
To Shop :
Shop for Precious Gems, Block Printed Fabrics, Tye-Dye Fabrics, Ethnic Lac Jewelery, Brass Figurines and Marble Carvings.
Inside Tip :
Eating out in restaurants having themes of Rajasathani Village life - Apna Gaon and Chokhi Dhani.
Important Distances :
Delhi-265 km, Ajmer:205 km via Beawar Agra: 570 km via Ajmer, Jaipur Delhi: 636 km via Ajmer, Jaipur, Alwar Mumbai: 1013 km via Ahmedabad Bikaner: 256 km via Nagaur Jaisalmer: 285 km via Osian, Pokaran Udaipur: 318 km.
Where to Eat :
Niro's – Indian, Continental and Chinese cuisines, Natraj – Rajasthani Thali, Skylark – Indian, Thai Food, Copper Chimney – Lal Maas, Vegetarian Dishes, Annapurna – Gujarati Thali.
Shopping Destinations :
Bapu Bazaar and Nehru Bazaar – Textiles, Local perfumes, Sandals.
Tripolia Bazaar and Chaura Rasta – Textile, Ironware. Simple Watching Firsthand Artists working here.
Saganer Village – Block Printing, Hand Made Paper, Blue Pottery.
Khajanewalon ka Raasta - Marble Cravingas and Maniharon ka Raasta for Lac Bangles.
Staying Options :
Rambagh Palace, Mahal Palace, Rajmahal Palace, Narayan Niwas, Alsisar Haveli, Mandawa Haveli, Shahpura House.
How to reach Jaipur
Jaipur is connected to all the major Indian cities by train. Buses, taxis and other coaches are available from Delhi, Mumbai, Jodhpur, Udaipur and all the other major cities.
By Air :-
Indian airlines operates flights between Delhi and Jaipur daily, and most flights continue to Mumbai, Udaipur or Aurangabad. There are several weekly flights between Jaipur and Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Kolkata and Jaisalmer. Private airlines sometimes put on extra flights during the tourist season.
By Bus :-
Rajasthan State Transport Corporation (RSTC) buses all leave from the main bus station.Some services are deluxe.These buses should be booked in advance. There are deluxe buses to many destinations including Delhi, Jodhpur, Kota, Ajmer, Udaipur, Bikaner, Bharatpur, Bundi, Mt Abu, Jaisalmer, Chittorgarh and Jhunjhunu.
By Train :-
Jaipur is well connected by train to main cities of India. Indian Railway reservation office opens from Monday to Saturday. There are several trains from Jaipur to Agra, Bombay, Udaipur, Jodhpur, Bikaner, Kota, Chittorgarh, Alwar, Ajmer and Delhi. There is a Shatabdi Exp. between Jaipur and Delhi and continue to Alwar and Ajmer.
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